Upper Austria

The main concentration camp of Mauthausen was located in Upper Austria and therefore has the highest number and concentration of sub-camps and places related to the Nazi instruments of oppression. The first sub-camp of Mauthausen was begun in December 1939, just 5 km from the main camp in Langenstein (Gusen I concentration camp), further sub-camps were later established for armament production and other forms of forced labour. Furthermore, there were several work commandos working in the immediate area around the camps, such as felling wood in Königswiesen.

The Sub-camps of Mauthausen Concentration (in chronological order)

  • Gusen I
    Peak number of registered prisoners: 12.000, Quarry and armaments, Founded: 1940
  • Bachmanning
    Peak number of prisoners: 20, Sawmill, Founded: 1942
  • Steyr
    Peak number of prisoners: 3091, Building works and armaments, Founded: 1942
  • Vöcklabruck
    Peak number of prisoners: 300, Road building, Founded: 1942
  • Großraming
    Peak number of prisoners: 1013, Power plant construction, Founded: 1943
  • Dipoldsau
    Peak number of prisoners: 130, Power plant and road construction, Founded: 1943
  • Ebensee
    Peak number of prisoners: 18.509, Shaft construction, Founded: 1943
  • Linz I
    Peak number of prisoners: 790, Construction, Founded: 1943
  • Schlier-Redl-Zipf
    Peak number of prisoners: 1500, Construction and armaments, Founded: 1943
  • Ternberg
    Peak number of prisoners: 400, Power plant and road construction, Founded: 1943
  • Gusen II
    Peak number of registered prisoners: 12.500, Shaft construction and armaments, Founded: 1944
  • Gusen III
    Peak number of registered prisoners: 274, Brickworks, Founded: 1944
  • Lenzing (Women's Camp)
    Peak number of prisoners: 577, Rayon factory, Founded: 1944
  • Linz II
    Peak number of prisoners: 285, Shaft construction, Founded: 1944
  • Linz III
    Peak number of prisoners: 5600, Steel industry, Founded: 1944
  • Mauthausen Tent Camp
    Peak number of prisoners: 10000, Incoming prisoner camp, Founded: 1944
  • Wels
    Peak number of prisoners: 1500, Construction works and armaments, Founded: 1944
  • Enns
    Peak number of prisoners: 2000, Bunker construction, Founded: 1945
  • Grein
    Peak number of prisoners: 120, Construction, Founded: 1945
  • Gunskirchen
    Peak number of prisoners: 15.000, Collection camp for Jews, Founded: 1945
  • Mauthausen Ship Camp
    Peak number of prisoners: 740, Incoming prisoner camp, Founded: 1945
  • The Euthanasia centre Schloss Hartheim was also in Upper Austria. It was there that between Easter 1940 and summer 1941 more than 18,000 people with disabilities and mental illness were murdered. After the euthanasia programme was stopped, the facilities at Schloss Hartheim were used to murder the physically weak concentration camp prisoners from Mauthausen and Dachau. More than 8,000 people fell victim to this policy.

Furthermore, several sub-camps of Mauthausen could be found in what is today Bavaria, Germany

  • Passau I
    Peak number of prisoners: 80, Construction, Founded: 1942
  • Passau II
    Peak number of prisoners: 333, Armaments, Founded: 1944

Local groups

  • Mauthausen Committee Dipoldsau/Weyer an der Enns
    The Weyer-Dipoldsau was founded in 1988 and 2001 by Hans Haas, Konrad Rumetshofer and Adolf Brunnthaler. The group maintains the memorial in Dipoldsau and organises memorial events each May. The aim of the organisation is to work with local high school and educational organisations to find a future-orientated form of commemoration. The group works together with the Weyer parish and the cultural organisation FRIKULUM (Peace-Culture-Environment).
  • Memorial and Contemporary History Museum Ebensee
    The Concentration Camp Memorial and Contemporary History Museum Ebensee organisation was founded in 1988. Three employees and one alternative service volunteer work at the site. The organisation is responsible for facilitating school visits to the site, maintaining the site and contact to survivors, as well as for the content of the permanent exhibition.
    The contemporary history museum is open all year round 10am-5pm in the centre of the village and also houses the archive of the memorial with photograph archive, documents and database of victims and survivors.
  • Mauthausen Committee Steyr
    The Steyr Mauthausen Committee was founded in the memorial year 1988. The group is made up of people who live in Steyr and are dedicated to the maintenance of the memorial site, organising the annual commemorative events and researching the Jewish history of the area (including publishing two books: "Forgotten traces" and "Traces of Escape") and the former concentration camp. They also have links to former forced labourers and survivors. Research results are used in schools. The group is also engaged in work to combat far-right extremism and attempts to combat attempts to trivialise Nazi crimes. The committee meets on a monthly basis.
  • Memorial Committee Gusen
    The Memorial Committee Gusen Initiative has been working since 1984 together with surviving prisoners of the Gusen concentration camp and the political districts of St. Georgen/Gusen and Langenstein.
  • Organisation Weyer/Innviertel Memorial
    The group was founded in 2000 as a result of research conducted by the writer Ludwig Laher who wrote about the largely ignored story of Weyer and the resulting court cases in his novel Herzfleischentartung (Haymon 2001). The local community in St. Panteleon unveiled a memorial for the Weyer victims in 2000. There are currently around 30 members who maintain the site, offer tours and organise local memorial events each year.
  • Perspektive Mauthausen
    The group is a non-party political, anti-fascist activist group with the aim of contributing to to the development of Mauthausen as a place of memory and remembrance. An important cooperation partner is the Austrian Mauthausen Committee.
  • Organisation for Contemporary History/Braunau Contemporary History Week
    The contemporary history organisation was found in Braunau-am-Inn in 1993 with the intention of promoting an awareness of history through their events and educational activities, together with organisations with similar aims and objectives.
  • Education and Memorial Centre Schloss Hartheim
    Founded in 1995 as a cooperation between the Upper Austrian Charities Organisation, the owner of Schloss Hartheim and the Hartheim Institute. The aim was to create an appropriate memorial on the site of the Nazi Euthanasia centre and to transform the former castle and hospital into a place of learning and reflection. The centre also intends to be a place for the discussion of modern-day biological and medical ethical debates.
  • Arge Schlier
    The ARGE Schlier seeks to make the maintain, document and make accessible the remaining structures of the former Nazi armament factory "Schlier" in Zipf, Upper Austria and the sub-camp Redl-Zipf located nearby.
  • Organisation Ketani
    The organisation KETANI (Ketani translates as cooperation) is involved with issues relating to the Roma and Sinti in Austria, particularly maintaining the culture and languages and campaigning for the improvement of social, economic and legal situation of the Roma and Sinti in Austria.
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