The current state of Burgenland had no sub-camps of Mauthausen within its borders, however there were nevertheless close ties to the concentration camps and others.
One if the so-called Gypsy camps was in Lackenbach, an internment camp for thousands of Roma and Sinta from Burgenland. Many of the prisoners of Lackenbach were deported to the extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau and murdered, others were transported via other concentration camps to Mauthausen.
Burgenland is also the starting point for the infamous death marches; forced marches of Hungarian Jews from the so-called South-East Wall to Mauthausen. The mass murder of Hungarian Jews at Rechnitz was the beginning of a long series of massacres that took place during the death marches.
The memorial organisation of the Spanish Republicans in Austria is based in Neusiedl am See.
- RE.F.U.G.I.U.S. – Rechnitz Refugee and Memorial Initiative and Foundation
Since 1991 the Rechnitz Refugee and Memorial Initiative have ensured that the barn in Rechnitz near where 180 Jewish Hungarian forced labourers were murdered and then hastily buried in a mass grave has been maintained as a memorial to the events that happened there.
- Memorial Organisation for Spanish Republicans in Austria
The organisation was founded in 1995 by survivors and their families and is based in Neusiedl am See. The aims of the organisation are to join all Spanish Republican immigrants to Austrian, their families and friends with the intention of continuing the commemoration of the Spanish Republicans – especially those in exile in Austria – and to communicate the events to the next generation.
- Gedenkstätte Lackenbach